Total health for all in Nigeria 2050 and beyond: Strategies for reforming health professionals’ education

Abstract

The health indices of a country are influenced by the number and quality of trained healthcare professionals available and their ability to respond to the challenges of societal change. Nigeria, with
numerous challenges, which include population explosion, insecurity, changing epidemiology of diseases, and climate change, is in need of reforms in Health Professionals’ Education (HPE). These reforms in HPE should be geared towards producing healthcare workers who are fit-for-purpose and fit-of-purpose. Such health professionals are needed to address historic and current inadequacies in the health system as well as future challenges. This review highlights the basis of the problems, consequences and reforms needed in HPE in Nigeria to address the changing needs of the society, changing health conditions, and globalization to contribute to the goal of achieving ‘Total Health for All’ as a strategy towards health security by the year 2050 and beyond.

Keywords: Health professionals’ training, health professionals’ education, health security, educational reform,inter professional training

Abstrait
Les indices de santé d’un pays sont influencés par le nombre et la qualité des professionnels de la santé formés disponibles et par leur aptitude à faire face aux défis du changement sociétale. Le Nigéria, confronté à de nombreux défis, dont l’explosion démographique, l’insécurité, l’évolution de l’épidémiologie des maladies et le changement climatique, a besoin de réformes dans le domaine de l’Education des Professionnels de la Santé (EPS). Ces réformes d’EPS devraient viser à former des agents de santé adaptés à leurs besoins et aux besoins. Ces tels professionnels de santé sont nécessaires pour remédier aux insuffisances historiques et actuelles du système de santé, ainsi qu’aux défis à venir. Cette revue met en évidence la base des problèmes, conséquences et réformes nécessaires dans l’EPS au Nigeria pour répondre aux besoins changeants de la société, des conditions sanitaires changeantes et de la mondialisation afin de contribuer à l’objectif de ‘Santé Totale Pour Tous’ en tant que stratégie pour la sécurité sanitaire d’ici 2050 et au-delà.

Mots-clés : Education des professionnels de la santé, formation des professionnels de la santé, reforme éducationnelle, formation interprofessionnels

Correspondence: Professor E.O. Olapade-Olaopa, Provost’s Office, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail: okeoffa@yahoo.com

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