Nigeria’s Health Security: A situation analysis, forecasts and suggested interventions


Background: With an estimated population of 198 million, Nigeria is the most populous country in subSaharan Africa and the seventh globally. Approximately half of the population is aged less than 30 years. The country has a high total fertility rate estimated at 5.5 births per woman. At current rates, Nigeria’s population is projected to double by 2050.

Challenges: Poorly controlled population growth poses several potential developmental challenges not only to Nigeria but also to the region, and even beyond. The Nigerian population continues to grow, but the country’s land mass and other resources remain relatively fixed with some even depreciating. This scenario underscores the need to plan and take actions to forestall the potential threats and catastrophic consequences of uncontrolled population growth.

Conclusion: This article describes the current situation of the health care systems in Nigeria, provides a SWOT analysis of the system and offers interventions to ensure health security in the country by 2050.

Keywords: Health security, Nigeria, situation analysis, forecasts, intervention

Contexte : Avec une population estimée à 198 millions d’habitants, le Nigéria est le pays le plus peuplé d’Afrique subsaharienne et le septième au monde. Environ la moitié de la population a moins de 30 ans. Le pays a un taux de fécondité total élevé estimé à 5,5 naissances par femme. Aux taux actuels, la population du Nigéria devrait doubler d’ici 2050.

Défis : Une croissance démographique mal contrôlée pose plusieurs problèmes de développement potentiels non seulement au Nigeria, mais également à la région et même au-delà. La population nigériane continue de croître, mais la masse terrestre et les autres ressources du pays restent relativement fixes et certaines même se déprécient. Ce scénario souligne la nécessité de planifier et de prendre des mesures pour prévenir les menaces potentielles et les conséquences catastrophiques d’une croissance démographique incontrôlée.

Conclusion : Cet article décrit la situation actuelle des systèmes de soins de santé au Nigéria, fournit une analyse SWOT du système et propose des interventions pour assurer la sécurité sanitaire du pays d’ici à 2050.

Mots-clés : Sécurité sanitaire, Nigeria, analyse de la situation, prévisions, intervention

Correspondence: Dr. A.O. Adisa, Department of Oral Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail:



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