Kidney disease (KD) is one of the major public health threats with rising incidence and prevalence rates. Knowledge and perceived risk increase the perception of being susceptible, leading to adoption of behavioural modifications. The objective was to evaluate the knowledge of KD risk factors and perceived susceptibility as well as predictors of KD risk in Lagos State, Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Lagos State, South-western Nigeria. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to draw information from 1171 male and female residents aged ≥ 18 years on socio-demography, knowledge and perceived susceptibility to KD risk. Percentages, frequencies, Chi-square, binary and multinomial logistic regression models were used, with a significance of p<0.05. A total of 1,061 participants, with a mean age of 33.8±11.5 years and male-female ratio of 1.2:1, completed the instrument. Only 78.6% had good knowledge of KD risk factors, while 63.0% had perceived low susceptibility to KD risk. The common self-reported risk factors were high salt intake (91.28%) and herbal concoction (82.21%). High blood pressure (17.51%), high blood sugar (17.96%) and family history of KD (7.92%) were also self-reported. The independent predictors of KD risk were herbal concoction [OR=3.43, CI=1.88‒6.27] and frequent use of pain killers [OR=2.06, CI=1.24‒3.39]. Knowledge of KD risk factors was quite high but perceived susceptibility to KD risk was low. There is a need for continuous sensitization, educational health interventions and screening for early detection.
Adetuyibi A, Akinsaya JB and Onadeko BO. (1976): Analysis of the causes of death on the medical wards of the UCH Ibadan over a 14 yr period (1960-1973). Trans Roy Soc Trop Med Hyg. 70: 469-473.
Afolabi MO, Abioye-Kuteyi EA, Arogundade FA and Bello IS. (2009): Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in a Nigerian family practice population. SA Fam Pract. 51(2): 131-137.
Akokuwebe ME and Adeyemi KI. (2015): Non-communicable diseases among young people: implications for social policy and sustainable development in Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Culture (Swift Print Limited, Nigeria), 12(1): 24-56.
Akokuwebe ME, Odimegwu C, Omololu F. (2020): Prevalence, risk-inducing lifestyle, and perceived susceptibility to kidney diseases by gender among Nigerians resident in South Western Nigeria. African Health Sciences, 20(2): 860-870.
Akokuwebe ME, Odimegwu C. (2019): Socio-economic determinants of kidney disease among residents in Nigerian communities in Lagos State, Nigeria. Oman Medical Journal, 34(6): 30-45.
Akokuwebe ME. (2017): Perceived susceptibility, morbidity and treatment patterns of kidney diseases among residents of Lagos State, Nigeria. A PhD thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Social Sciences, The University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp. 170-180.
Akpan EE and Ekrikpo UE. (2015): Chronic kidney failure: knowledge of kidney disease, perception of causes and symptomatology in Uyo, Nigeria. Open Journal of Nephrol. 5: 91-97.
Amira CO, Sokunbi DOB, Dolapo D and Sokunbi A. (2011): Prevalence of obesity, overweight and proteinuria in an urban community in South West Nigeria. Niger Med J. 52(2): 110-113.
Bamgboye EL. (2015): The looming epidemic of kidney failure in Nigeria. The magnitude of the problem. 2015 Alumni Session II. Consultant Transplant Nephrologist Clinical Director, ST Nicholas Hospital Lagos. President, Transplant Association of Nigeria, Nigerian Association of Nephrology Director‒Metro Health HMO. March, Pp. 1-34.
Binu VS, Mayya SS and Dhar M. (2014): Some basic aspects of statistical methods and sample size determination in health science research. AYU (An International Quarterly Journal of Research in Ayurveda). 35(2): 119-123.
Bisi-Onyemaechi AI, Okafor HU, Ughasoro MD. (2018): Profile of chronic kidney disease modifiable risk factors in a rural community of Southeast Nigeria. BMC Public Health. 18(1): 922.
Boulware EL, Carson KA, Troll UM, Powe NR and Cooper LA. (2009): Perceived susceptibility to chronic kidney disease among high-risk patients seen in primary care practices. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 24(10): 1123-1129.
Chow WL, Joshi VD and Tin AS et al. (2012): Limited knowledge of chronic kidney disease among primary care patients ‒ a cross-sectional survey. BMC Nephrol. 13:54.
Craig SR, Amin RV, Russell DW and Paradise NF. (2000): Blood cholesterol screening influence of fasting state on cholesterol results and management decisions. J Gen Intern Med. 15(6): 395-399.
De Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, Siyam A, Nishida C, Siekmann J. (2007): Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ. 85(9): 660-667.
Gaziano C. (2011): Kish selection method. In: Paul J. Lavrakas: Encyclopaedia of survey research methods. Sage Publications, Inc. 2011; Thousands Oaks; Pp. 1-4.
Hostetter TH and Lising M. (2003): National kidney disease education program. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 14(7Suppl 2): S114-S116.
Iyalomhe GBS and Iyalomhe SI. (2010). Hypertension-related knowledge, attitudes and lifestyle practices among hypertensive patients in a sub-urban Nigerian community. J Pub Health Epi. 2 (4): 71-77.
Katibi IA, Olarinoye JK and Kutanga SA. (2010). Knowledge and practice of hypertensive patients as seen in a tertiary hospital in the middle belt of Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 2010; 19: 161-169.
Laurence EC, Volmink J, Esterhuizen TM, Dalal S and Holmes MD. (2016): Risk of cardiovascular disease among teachers in Cape Town: Findings of the South African PaCT pilot study. SAMJ. 106(10): 996-1001.
Lerner B, Desrochers S and Tangri N. (2017). Risk prediction models in CKD. Semin Nephrol. 37(2): 144-150.
Mabayoje MO, Bamgboye EL, Odutola TA and Mabadeje AFB. (1992): Chronic renal failure at the Lagos university teaching hospital: a 10 year review. Transplant Proc. 24(5): 1851- 1852.
Mendis S. (2007): Prevention of cardiovascular disease. Pocket guidelines for assessment and management of cardiovascular risk. WHO/ISH cardiovascular risk prediction charts. Geneva: WHO Press. Pp. 5-17.
Nwankwo E, Bello AK and El Nahas AM. (2005): Chronic kidney disease: stemming the global tide. Am J Kidney Dis 2005; 45(1): 201-208.
Odubanjo MO, Oluwasola AO and Kadiri S. (2011): The epidemiology of end-stage renal disease in Nigeria: the way forward. International Urology and Nephrology. 43: 785-792.
Okaka E and Ojogwu LI. (2012): Awareness level of kidney disease among non-medical students in Benin City, Nigeria. JMBR. 11: 29-34.
Okwuonu CG, Chukwuonye II, Adejumo OA, Agaba EI and Ojogwu LI. (2017): Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and its risk factors among adults in a semi-urban community of South-East Nigeria. Niger Postgrad Med J. 24(2): 81-87.
Oluyombo R, Ayodele OE, Akinwusi PO, Okunola OO, Gbadegesin BA, Soje MO and Akinsola A. (2016): Awareness, knowledge and perception of chronic kidney disease in a rural community of South-West Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 19(2): 161-169.
Roomizadeh P, Taheri D, Abedini A, Mortazavi M, Larry M, Mehdikhani B, Mousavi SM, Hosseini FA, Parnia A and Nakhjavani M. (2014): Limited knowledge of chronic kidney disease and its main risk factors among Iranian community: an appeal for promoting national public health education programs. Int J Health Policy Mang. 2(4): 161-166.
Shisana O, Labadarios D, Rehle T, Sinbayi L, Zuma K, Dhansay A, Reddy P, Parker W, Hoosain E, Naidoo P, Hongoro C, Mchiza Z, Steyn NP, Dwane N, Makoae M, Maluleke T, Ramlagan S, Zungu N, Evans MG, Jacobs L, Faber M and SANHANES-1 Team. (2013): South Africa National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-1). Cape Town: HSRC Press. Pp. 95-124.
Su T, Zhang Li, Li X, Zuo L, Zhang P and Wang H. (2011): Regular use of nephrotoxic medication is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease ‒ results from a Chinese population study. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 26(6): 1916-1923.
Ulasi II and Ijoma CK. (2010): The enormity of chronic kidney disease in Nigeria: the situation in a Teaching Hospital in South-east Nigeria. J Trop Med. Article ID 501957: 1-6.
Ulasi II, Ijoma CK, Onodugo OD, Arodiwe EB, Ifebunandu NA, Okoye JU. (2013). Towards prevention of chronic kidney disease in Nigeria: a community-based study in South east Nigeria. K Int Suppl. 3: 195-201.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2022 African Journal of Biomedical Research