Development of a health security blueprint for the prevention of zoonotic diseases in Nigeria


Introduction: Nigeria with an estimated population of about 198 million people, is faced with increasing health security challenges due to poverty, illiteracy and weak health systems. Further, endemic, emerging and reemerging infectious or zoonotic diseases are continuously transmitted between humans and animals. Consequently, the country’s limited capacity at enforcing/implementing regulatory policies governing livestock production, animal disease surveillance and activities at the human-animal-ecosystem interface, engenders transmission of zoonoses. Unfortunately, the present scenario does not only affect health security, but is also of Public Health importance; thus, impacting negatively on human capital development.

Recommendations: To overcome these threats, fundamental steps must be taken. First, setting up of a “One Health” Commission to evaluate the prevalence/burden of prevailing zoonoses. Second, carrying out Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analyses of the One Health situation and highlight interventional blueprints towards ensuring health security in the country.

Conclusion: Nigeria is faced with myriads of health security challenges that are exacerbated by endemic, emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. To avert resultant imminent and future health threats, we propose the adoption of a One Health approach that will take advantage of the interdisciplinary or multisectoral cooperation among the human, veterinary and environmental health sectors to proactively prevent and control zoonoses in Nigeria.

Keywords: Development, Health security, Blue print, Prevention, Zoonoses

Contexte : LeNigéria, dont la population est estimée à environ 198 millions d’habitants, est confronté à des problèmes croissants en matière de sécurité sanitaire en raison de la pauvreté, de l’analphabétisme et de la faiblesse des systèmes de santé.En outre, les maladies infectieuses / zoonotiques endémiques, émergentes et ré-émergentes sont continuellement transmises entre humains et animaux. Par conséquent, la capacité limitée du pays à appliquer / implémenter les politiques réglementaires régissant la production animale, la surveillance des maladies animales et les activités à l’interface homme-animal-écosystème engendre la transmission des zoonoses. Malheureusement, le scénario actuel n’affecte pas seulement la sécurité sanitaire, mais revêt également une importance pour la santé publique ; ainsi, ayant un impact négatif sur le développement du capital humain.

Recommandations : Pour corriger ces menaces, des mesures fondamentales doivent être prises. Premièrement, la mise en place d’une commission ‘Une Santé’ chargée d’évaluer la prévalence/le fardeau des zoonoses pré dominantes. Secondement, effectuez des analyses de la situation Une Santé sur les forces, les faiblesses, les opportunités et les menaces (SWOT) et mettre en évidence les schémas d’intervention visant à garantir la sécurité sanitaire dans le pays.

Conclusion : le Nigéria est confronté à une myriade de problèmes de sécurité sanitaire exacerbés par les zoonoses endémiques, émergentes et ré-émergentes. Pour éviter les menaces imminentes et futures sur la santé, nous proposons l’adoption d’une approche Une Santé qui tirera parti de la coopération interdisciplinaire /multisectorielle entre les secteurs de la santé humaine, vétérinaire et environnementale pour prévenir et contrôler de manière proactive les zoonoses au Nigéria.

Mots clés : Développement, Sécurité sanitaire, Schéma directeur, Prévention, Zoonoses

Correspondence: Prof. S.I.B. Cadmus, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan,Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail.



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