Achieving food security in Nigeria by 2050

Abstract

The Problems/Issues: The level of food insecurity as of now in Nigeria is higher. The consequences in term of morbidity, mortality, malnutrition rates and epidemiological statistics are summarily high. While food production is inadequate and food export bill is rising, population and therefore demand is and will continue to rise. Several agricultural and related policies exist; however if concerted effort is not put in place now and strategies designed and developed, food security in Nigeria by 2050 will be at a very low and problematic level, affecting not only health but economy and social order.

The Plan of actions: Strategies to increase food production, food processing and preservation, strategic grain/food reserves, market and access, food price control, matching income with inflation rates, involving public-private partnerships, cottage industries enabling environment need to be adopted, adapted, and coordinated to ensure food security on a long term, sustainable basis. A food cabinet similar to a war cabinet under the Presidency is recommended for success.

Conclusions: Planning is a first step in the right direction, however effective, efficient and measurable success depends on political will, adequate funding, prioritization, in-built strategies for sustainability, monitoring and evaluation. Security will guarantee not only food and nutrition security but also health and economic security.

Keywords: Food security, public-private-partnership, sustainability, food production

Abstrait
Les problèmes : Le niveau d’insécurité alimentaire est actuellement plus élevé au Nigéria. Les conséquences en termes de morbidité, mortalité, taux de malnutrition et statistiques épidémiologiques sont sommairement élevées. Tandis que la production alimentaire est insuffisante et que la facture d’exportation de produits alimentaires augmente, la population et en effet la demande augmente et continueront d’augmenter. Plusieurs politiques agricoles et connexes existent ; toutefois, si aucun effort concerté n’est mis en place et que des stratégies ne sont conçues et développées, la sécurité alimentaire au Nigéria d’ici 2050 sera à un niveau très bas et problématique, affectant non seulement la santé mais aussi
l’économie et l’ordre social.

Le plan d’action : Des stratégies pour accroître la production alimentaire, la transformation et conservation des aliments, les réserves stratégiques de céréales / aliments, le marché et accès, le contrôle des prix des produits alimentaires, l’adaptation du revenu aux taux d’inflation, les partenariats publicsprivés, l’environnement propice à l’industrie artisanale, ont besoins d’être adapté et coordonné pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire sur une base durable et à long terme. Un cabinet alimentaire semblable à un cabinet de guerre placé sous la présidence est recommandé pour le succès.

Conclusions : La planification est un premier pas dans la bonne direction, toutefois, le succès efficace et mesurable dépend de la volonté politique, d’un financement adéquat, de l’aménagement des priorités, de stratégies intégrées de durabilité, de suivi et d’évaluation. La sécurité garantira non seulement la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, mais également la santé et la sécurité économique.

Mots clés : sécurité alimentaire, partenariat public-privé, durabilité, production alimentaire

Correspondence: Dr. R.A. Sanusi, Department of Human Nutrition, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail:sanusiadegoke2003@gmail.com

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