Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude Towards Pre-Hospital Tooth Avulsion Care Among Primary School Teachers in Benin-City, Nigeria

Abstract

Traumatic tooth avulsion presents a challenge with regards to its prompt intervention as the ultimate outcome of an avulsed tooth that occurred in any child is dependent on appropriate emergency interventions. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the awareness, level of knowledge and attitude towards pre-hospital tooth avulsion care among primary school teachers in Benin City, Edo state, Nigeria. A descriptive cross sectional questionnaire based study. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among the teachers to assess their level of awareness of tooth avulsion, knowledge and attitude towards pre-hospital care of avulsed tooth. The data generated were analyzed using the SPSS for windows 23.0 (SPSS Inc. Chicago, USA).The responses were tabulated and expressed as frequency and percentages. Multivariate analysis was used to correct confounding variables. The level of significance was set p< 0.05. Three hundred and twenty four (324) teachers returned their answered questionnaires. Majority of the teachers were females (64.2%) and were between the ages of 41 – 50 years. Most (90.7%) of the teachers were not conversant with the dental terminology “tooth avulsion”. Approximately forty-four percent (43.8%) of the teachers had experienced at least a case of tooth avulsion during their service period. Two hundred and sixty six (82.1%) of teachers had never received any instruction on how to manage avulsed tooth. only 13 (4.0%) of the respondents were aware of a storage/transport media and how to preserve an avulsed tooth. On the attitude of teachers on pre-hospital care of an avulsed tooth; when asked what will they do in a case of tooth avulsion involving their pupil, one hundred and ninety (58.6%) erroneously reported they will do nothing, 33(10.2%) respondents said they will call the child’s parents, none seeing the need to contact the nearest dental clinic. Majority of primary school teachers in Benin City, Nigeria have very inadequate knowledge regarding emergency management of tooth avulsion.. They have limited knowledge regarding the basic tenets of first aid management of tooth avulsion whenever it occurs. Seminars and practical workshop on dental emergency should be organized for teachers and first aid training added to their curriculum.

 

Keywords: Tooth avulsion, primary school teachers, awareness, knowledge, Benin City

Click to view file (PDF)

References

Adekoya-Sofowora CA, Adesina OA, Nasir WO, Oginni AO, Ugboko VI (2009). Prevalence and causes of fractured permanent incisor in 12 year old suburban Nigerian school children. Dent Traumatol; 25: 314-317.

Abdellatif AM, Hagazy SA (2011). Knowledge of Emergency management of Avulsed teeth among a sample of Egyptian Parents. J Adv Res. ; 2(2):157-162.

Adekoya-Sofowora CA, Oziegbe E, Ugboko VI, Akinbade A (2008). Knowledge of first aid measures of avulsed and replantation of teeth in Nigerian School children. The Internet J Dent Sci; 7:1

Al-Jundi SH, Al-Waeili H, Khairalah K.(2005). Knowledge and attitude of Jordanian school health teachers with regards to emergency management of dental trauma. Dent Traumatol 2005; 21: 183-187.

Al-Zaidi AA, Al-asmari AA (2017). Knowledge of Teachers and Parents about Emergency Management of Dental Trauma in Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia. Int J Contemp Med Res.; 4(10):2131-2138.

Andersen L. (2013). Epidemiology of Traumatic Dental Injuries. J Endod; 39: 52-55

Bayrak S, Tunc ES, Sari E. Evaluation of elementary school teacher’s knowledge and attitudes about immediate emergency management of traumatic dental injuries. Oral Health Prev Dent 2012; 10: 253-258.

Chan AW, Wong TK, Cheung GS (2001).Lay knowledge of physical health education teachers about the emergency management of dental trauma. Dent Traumatol; 17:7 7-85.

Flores MT, Anderson L, Andreasen JO, Bakland LK, Malmgren F, Barnett F et al (2007). Guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries. Avulsion of permanent teeth. Dent Traumatol; 23 (3):130-136.

Fujita Y, Shiono Y, Maki k (2014). Knowledge of emergency management of avulsed tooth among Japanese dental students BMC Oral health;14(1):34.

Granville-Gracia AF, Lima E, Santos PG, De Menezes VA. Avaliacoa Do Conhecimento Dos Professores De Educacao Fisica De Caruaru-Pe Sobre (2007). Avulsao-Reimplante.Pesq Bras Odontoped clin integr; 7(1):15-20

Manal AA, Al Hammadi E, Malalla M, Maklai Z, Tarig A, Al Ali B, Al Jameel A, El Batawi H (2017). Assessment of Elementary school teachers’ level of knowledge and attitude regarding traumatic dental injuries in the United Arab Emirates. Int J Dent;10: doi.org/10.1155/2017/1025324

Manal O, Al Maiman S, Al Jumah, Alabadli M, Al Jefri B, Al Ajaji D, Wadi M, Al Tassan N, Ansari S.(2018). Knowledge and awareness of primary school teachers towards emergency management of dental trauma; A survey based study in schools of Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Oral Health Dent Management; 17 (1)

Mori GG, Turcio KHL, Borro VPB, Muriusso AM (2007). Evaluation of the knowledge of tooth avulsion of school professionals from Adamantina, Sao Paulo. Brazil. Dent Traumatol; 23:2-3.

Mustafa M (2017). Awareness about management of tooth avulsion among General Dental Practitioners: A questionnaire based study. J Orthod.; 3 (1):2.

Nasr IH, Papineni McIntosh A, Mustafa S, Cronin A (2013). Professional knowledge of doctors on the management of dental injuries. Comm Dent Health; 30 (4):234-240

Olatosi OO, Iwuala SO, Isiekwe GI, Oredogba FA, Adenaike AS, Oluwo AO(2013). Knowledge and Attitude of Nigerian School Teachers on the Emergency Management of Avulsed Permanent Incisor. J West Afr coll Surg.; 3 (4):30-32.

Udoye CI (2006). Traumatic injuries to the anterior teeth of Nigerian urban public school children. J coll Med; 11: 88-91.

Young C, Wong KY, Cheung LK (2012). Emergency management of dental trauma: knowledge of Hong Kong primary and secondary school teachers. Hong Kong Med J; 18: 362

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 African Journal of Biomedical Research